ADM 5104 State and Society in Europe

Middle East Technical University

Faculty of Economics & Administrative Sciences

Department of Political Science and Public Administration

      ADM.5104 State and Society in Europe

Spring 2013

Instructor: Dr. Galip Yalman


Course Outline and the Reading List

This course is intended to familiarise the students with the models of state-economy and state-capital-labour relations in the advanced capitalist systems of Europe. After a brief methodological introduction to different schools of comparative political economy and/or comparative politics, the emphasis will be on the three models of European capitalist development: 1) The Anglo-Saxon model of market-led capitalism with an emphasis on Britain, 2) the Continental market economies (Germany and France), while the students can write their term papers on the others as well, namely, 3) Southern European cases (Greece and Italy), 4) the Scandinavian cases, 5) Eastern European cases, if they wish to do so. All cases will be approached through a historical perspective. Within this framework, the course will look at the key institutional structures of industrial relations, and their relation to the welfare state, and how the processes of globalisation and European integration are producing changes in each of these models.



A Methodological Introduction to Alternative Schools of Political Economy


Burnham, P. (1994) “Open Marxism and Vulgar International Political Economy”, Review of

International Political Economy, Vol.1, No.2.

Chandhoke N. (1994) "Marxian Political Economy as Method", Economic and Political Weekly,

January 29, 1994.

Chang, Ha-Joon (2004) “The Market, the State and Institutions in Economic Development”,

Rethinking Development Economics, pp.41-60.

Gray, J. (1998) “From the Great Transformation to the Global Free Market” in False Dawn, pp.1-21.

Herrige, G. & J. Zeitlin (2010) “Alternatives to Varieties of Capitalism”, Business History Review,

Volume 84 / Issue 04.

Hettne, B. (1995) “Introduction” in International Political Economy, pp.1-26.

Watson, M. (2005) “Approaches to IPE:Beyond ‘States and Markets’”in Foundations of IPE,

Palgrave, pp.11-41.

Watson, M. (2005) “Social Embeddedness within Political Economy”in Foundations of IPE,

Palgrave, pp.141-160.

Wood, E.M. (1994) “From Opportunity to Imperative : The History of the Market”, Monthly

Review, July-August.

Yalman, G. (2008) “Aydınlanmadan Günümüze Siyasal İktisat”, mimeo.


II. The Rise and Demise of the Welfare State


Cutler, T., K.Williams & J.Williams (1986) Keynes, Beveridge and Beyond, RKP, pp.6-36.

Esping-Anderson, G. (1990)  Three Worlds of Capitalism, Polity Press, pp. 9-33.

Esping-Anderson, G. (1996) “After the Golden Age ? Welfare State Dilemmas in a Global Economy”

in Esping-Anderson (ed), Welfare States in Transition, Sage, pp.1-29.

Featherstone, K. (2004) ‘The political dynamics of external empowerment: the emergence of EMU

and the challenge to the European social model’, in Martin A., & Ross G. (eds.) Euros and Europeans. Monetary Integration and the European Model of Society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) pp.226-247.

Jessop, B. (2002) “The Keynesian Welfare National State” in The Future of Capitalist State,

Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 55-94.

Offe, C. (2005) “The European Model of ‘Social’ Capitalism” in M. Miller (ed) Worlds of

Capitalism, Routledge, pp.146-177.

Ruggie, J. (1982) "Embedded Liberalism" International Organisation, Vol. 36, No.2.


III. From Organised Capitalism to Neoliberal Hegemony



Restructuring of the State


Bursens, P. (2008) “State Structures” in P. Graziano & M. P.Vink (eds.) Europeanization

New Research Agendas, Palgrave Macmillan.

Jessop, B. (2002) “The Schumpeterian Competition State” in The Future of Capitalist State,

Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 95-139.

Jessop, B. & N.Sum (2006) “Rethinking Periodisation After Fordism” in Jessop & Sum, Beyond the

Regulation Approach, Edward Elgar, pp.323-347.

Jessop, B. (2005) “The European Union and Recent Transformations in Statehood” in S.P.Riekmann,

ed., Transformations of Statehood from a European Perspective, Cambridge UP.

Levi-Faur, D. (2008) “Regulatory Governance” in P. Graziano & M. P.Vink (eds.) Europeanization

New Research Agendas, Palgrave Macmillan.

Lodge, M. (2009) “Regulation, the Regulatory State and European Politics” in K. Goetz et al. (eds)

European Politics, Routledge, pp.280-301.

Pierson, C. (1999) “Marxism and the Welfare State” in A.Gamble et al. (eds) Marxism and Social

Science, Macmillan, pp.175-194.

Poulantzas, N. (1975) “The Nation State”in Classes in Contemporary Capitalism, pp.70-84.

Poulantzas, N. (1975) “The Contemporary State and the Bourgeoisies”in Classes in Contemporary

Capitalism, pp.156-174.

Thatcher, M. (2007) “Regulatory agencies, the State and Markets: A Franco-British Comparison”, EUI

Working Paper, RSCAS 2007/17.

Watson, M. (2005) “Understanding the State within Modern Society”in Foundations of IPE,

Palgrave, pp.179-197.


ii) Changing nature of Capital-Labour Relations


Apeldoorn, B. van (2000) “Transnational Class Agency and European Governance: The Case of

the European Round Table of Industrialists”, New Political Economy, Vol. 5, Issue 2.

Apeldoorn, B. van (2001) “The Struggle over European Order:Transnational Class Agency in the

Making of ‘Embedded Neoliberalism’in A.Bieler & A.Morton, eds., Social Forces in the Making of the New Europe, Palgrave, pp.70-89.

Apeldoorn, B. van (2005) “Transnational Business: Power Structures in Europe’s Political Economy”

in W.Kaiser & P.Starie (eds), Transnational European Union, Routledge, pp.83-102.

Bieling, H-J. (2001) "European Constitutionalism and Industrial Relations", Bieler & Morton (eds),           

Social Forces in the Making of the New Europe, Palgrave, pp.93-114.

Bieling, H-J. (2003) “Social Forces in the Making of the New European Economy: The Case of

Financial Market Integration”, New Political Economy, Vol.8, No.2.

Coates, D. (1999) “Labour Power and International Competitiveness: A Critique of Ruling

Orthodoxies”, Socialist Register, pp.108-136.

Crouch, C. (2002) “The Euro and Labour Market and Wage Policies” in K.Dyson (ed), European

States and the Euro, pp.278-304.

Levy, J. (2006) “The State after Statism” in J. Levy (ed.) The State after Statism, Harvard UP,


Holman, O. & K. van der Pijl (1996): “The Capitalist Class in the European Union” in G.Kourvetaris

& A.Mochonas (eds), The Impact of European Integration : Political, Sociological and Economic Changes, Prager, pp.55-72.

Schmidt, V. (2009) “European Political Economy: Labour Out, State Back In, Firm to the Fore” in

K. Goetz et al. (eds) European Politics, Routledge, pp.302-320.

Streeck, W. (1999) “Competitive Solidarity: Rethinking the ‘European Social Model’” Max-Planck-

Institute for the Study of Societies, Working Paper 99/8.


iii) Features of Neoliberal Hegemony


Bieling H-J. (2006) “Neoliberalism and Communitarianism” in D.Plehwe et al.(eds), Neoliberal

Hegemony: A Global Critique, Routledge, pp.207-221.

Cerny, Philip G. (2004) “Mapping Varieties of Neoliberalism”, IPEG Papers in Global Political

Economy, No. 12, May 2004.

Crouch, C. & W. Streeck (1998) “The Future of Capitalist Diversity” in C.Crouch & W.Streeck (eds),

Political Economy of Modern Capitalism, Sage, pp.1-18.

Gill, S. (1998) “European Governance and New Constitutionalism: Economic and Monetary Union

and Alternatives to Disciplinary Neoliberalism in Europe”, New Political Economy, 3:1.

Habermas, J. (1999): "The European Nation State and the Pressures of Globalization", New Left

Review, 235.

Hemerijck, A. (1999) “Prospects for Inclusive Social Citizenship in an Age of Structural Inactivity”

MPIfG Working Paper 99/1.

Huber, E. & and Stephens, J.D. (2002) ‘Globalisation, Competitiveness, and the Social Democratic

Model’ Social Policy & Society 1(1) pp.47-57.

Jessop, B. (2010) “The Continuing Ecological Dominance of Neoliberalism in the Crisis” in A. Saad-

Filho & G.Yalman (eds), Economic Transitions to Neoliberalism in Middle Income Countries, Routledge.

Ruggie, J. (1997) “Globalization and the Embedded Liberalism Compromise: The End of an Era?”

MPIfG Working Paper 97/1.

Ryner, M. (2009) “Neoliberal European Governance and the Politics of Welfare State Retrenchment”          in B. van Apeldoorn. et al. (eds.) Contradictions and Limits of Neoliberal European

Governance: From Lisbon to Lisbon, Palgrave Macmillan.


IV.Models of Capitalist Development


i) British Case

Burnham, P. (2006) “Restructuring State-Economy Relations: Britain under Major-Blair  

Governments”, in P.Fairbrother & A.Rainnie (eds), Globalisation, State and Labour, Routledge, pp.12-28.

Jacques, M. (1983) “Thatcherism – Breaking out of the Impasse” in S.Hall & M.Jacques (eds) The

Politics of Thatcherism, Lawrence & Wishart, pp.40-62.

Lee, S. (1997) "Competitiveness and the Welfare State in Britain", in M. Mullard & S. Lee, (eds) The

Politics of Social Policy in Europe, Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, pp. 107-143.

Leys, C. (1997) “The British Labour Party since 1989” in. D.Sassoon (ed.) Looking Left, New Press,


Radice, H. (2007) “Britain and Europe: Class, State and the Politics of Integration” Capital & Class


Ryner, M. (2000) “Recent Discourse on the ‘Third Way’: On the Dynamics of Social Democratic

Neo-Liberalism” in H-J.Bieling & J.Steinhilber (eds), Dimensions of a Critical Theory of European Integration, FEG, Philipps-Universitat Marburg.

Yalman, G. (1999) "Avrupa Sosyal Demokrat Partilerinin Siyasal ve İdeolojik Yönelimlerindeki

Değişimler:İngiliz İşçi Partisi Örneği", İktisat Dergisi, Ağustos-Eylül, ss.56-67.


   ii) German Model


Anderson, P. (2009) “A New Germany?” New Left Review 57.

Beyer, J. & M. Höpner (2003) “The Disintegration of Organised Capitalism: German Corporate

Governance in the 1990s”.

Glasman, M. (1997) "The Siege of the German Social Market", New Left Review, 225, pp.134-139.

Hemerick, A. (2009) “The Forgotten Centre” pp.57-92 in J.Levy (ed.) The State after Statism,

Harvard UP, pp.31-56.

Meyer, T. (2001): “From Godesberg to Neu Mitte : The New Social Democracy in Germany” in

A.Giddens (ed), The Global Third Way, Polity, pp.74-85.

Pautz, H. (2009) “The Modernisation of Social Democracy towards a Third Way and Back?”

in J. Callaghan et al. (eds), In Search of Social Democracy, Manchester UP, pp.129-146.

Schulz, B. (2000) :"Globalisation, Unification and the German Welfare State", International Social

Science Journal, 163, pp.39-50.

Streeck, W. (1998): “German Capitalism: Does It Exist ? Can It Survive ?” in C.Crouch & W.Streeck

(eds), Political Economy of Modern Capitalism, Sage, pp.32-54.


iii) French Dirigisme in Transition


Bachet, D. & J-P. Durand (2001) “Social-Liberalism in France”, Capital & Class 75.

Budgen, S. (2006) “Liberal Francophobia”, New Left Review 38.

Clift, B. (2003) “The Changing Political Economy of France: Dirigism under Duress”, in

A.Cafruny & M.Ryner (eds), A Ruined Fortress?, pp.173-200.

Clift, B. (2009) “The Political Economy of Social Democratic Economic Policy Autonomy 1997-

2002” in J. Callaghan et al. (eds), In Search of Social Democracy, Manchester UP, pp.71-92.

Howell, C. (2005) “The State and the Reconstructions of Industrial Relations Institutions after

Fordism: Britain and France Compared” in J.Levy (ed.) The State after Statism, Harvard UP, pp.139-184.

Levy, J. et al. (2005) “Exiting Etatisme?” in in J.Levy (ed.) The State after Statism, Harvard UP,



VIII) Crises in Europe


Altvater, E. (2011) “From Subprime Farce to Greek Tragedy”, Socialist Register 2012.

Apeldoorn, B. van (2009) “The Contradictions of ‘Embedded Neoliberalism’ and Europe’s Multi-level

Legitimacy Crisis: The European Project and Its Limits” in B. van Apeldoorn. et al. (eds.) Contradictions and Limits of Neoliberal European Governance: From Lisbon to Lisbon, Palgrave Macmillan.

Bailey, D. J. (2006)Governance or the crisis of governmentality? Applying critical state theory at the

European level” Journal of European Public Policy 13:1 January, 16–33.

Bellofiore, R. (2010) “The Global Crisis and the Crisis of European Neomercantilism”, Socialist

Register 2011.

Froud, J. et al. (2010) “Opportunity Lost: Mystification, Elite Politics and Financial Reform in the

UK” Socialist Register 2011.

Gamble, A. (2009) The Spectre at the Feast, pp.65-113.

Huws,U. (2011) “Crisis as Capitalist Opportunity”,  Socialist Register 2012.

Kouvelakis, S. (2011) “The Greek Cauldron” New Left Review 72.

Milios, J. & D. Sotiropoulos (2010) “Crisis of Greece or Crisis of the Euro? A view from the

European ‘periphery’”, Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 12: 3 September.

Overbeek, H. (2012)Sovereign Debt Crisis in Euroland: Root Causes and Implications for European

Integration”, The International Spectator, Vol. 47, No. 1.

Saad-Filho, A. (2010) “Crisis in Neoliberalism or Crisis of Neoliberalism”, Socialist Register 2011.