Department of Political Science and Public Administration
ADM 5184 – IDEAS AND POLITICS
Instructor: Kürşad Ertuğrul
This course aims to follow the philosophical and theoretical attempts that suggested a “constructivist” interpretation of, and/or an ontological status to politics. In these attempts, the problematic of the “dialectical” relationship between “structure” and “agency” have been postulated in various ways while the ideational, discursive and reflective capabilities of “the subjects” have been attributed a constitutive role regarding the construction of “reality.” The recent “constructivist turn” especially in social and political theory and international politics has reflected the impact of these perspectives in the social sciences with a growing body of works. Throughout the classes a critical engagement with “political ontology” and “constructivism” will be promoted with the objective of assessing the promises and limitations of these theories in the social and political theory.
Students are expected to develop a term paper to be submitted by the end of the classes. Students should also submit essays on the readings on a regular basis.
Gerth, H. H. and Mills, C. W. (1991) “The Sociology of Ideas and Interests,” From Max Weber, ed. H.H. Gerth and C.W. Mills,
PHILISOPHICAL AND THERORETICAL BACKGROUND
Marx, K. (1988) “The German Ideology,” in Karl Marx, Selected Writings, ed. G. McLellan,
Marx, K. (1988) “Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts,” in Karl Marx, Selected Writings, ed. G. McLellan,
Nietzche, F. (1973) Beyond Good and Evil,
Deleuze, G. (1983) Nietzche and Philosophy,
Weber, M. (1991) “Social Psychology of the World Religions,” From Max Weber, pp. 267-301. (reading no.6)
FROM CLASS HEGEMONY TO A POLITICAL ONTOLOGY
Gramsci, A. (1991) Selections from Prison Notebooks,
Heidegger, M. (1995) Being and Time,
Laclau, E. and Mouffe, C. (1985) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy,
Laclau, E. (1990) New Reflections on the Revolution of Our Time,
Laclau, E. and Zac, L. (1994) “Minding the Gap: The Subject of Politics”, The Making of Political Identities, ed. E .Laclau,
Mouffe, C. (1993) Return of the Political,
Nash, K. (2002) “Thinking Political Sociology: Beyond the Limits of Post-Marxism,” History of the Human Sciences, 15:4, 97-114.
‘CONSTRUCTIVIST TURN’ IN THE POLITICAL STUDIES
Adler, E. (2005) ‘Constructivism and International Relations,’ in
Berger, P. L. and Luckman, T. (1967) The Social Construction of Reality.
Burch, K. (2002) ‘Towards a Constructivist Comparative Politics,’ in D. M. Green (ed) Constructivism and Comparative Politics.
Finnemore, M. and Sikkink, K. (2001) ‘Taking Stock: The Constructivist Research Program in International Relations and Comparative Politics,’ Annual Review of Political Science, 4: 391-416. (reading no.14)
Jacobsen, J. K. (2003) ‘Duelling constructivisms: a post-mortem on the ideas debate in mainstream IR/IPE,’ Review of International Studies, 29: 39-60.
Kratochwil, F. (2000) ‘Constructing a New Orthodoxy? Wendt’s ‘Social Theory of International Politics’ and the Constructivist Challenge,’ Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 29(1): 73-101. (reading no.22)
Onuf, N. (1997) ‘A Constructivist Manifesto,’ in K. Burch and R. A. Denemark (eds) Constituting International Political Economy.
Pouliot, V. (2007) “‘Sobjectivism’: Toward a Constructivist Methodology”, International Studies Quarterly, 2007. (reading no. 13)
Reus-Smith, C. (2005) ‘Constructivism,’ in, A. Linklater, R. Devetak, J. Donnelly, M. Paterson, C. Reus-Smith and J. True (eds) Theories of International Relations NewYork: Palgrave Macmillan.
Wendt, A. (1999) Social Theory of International Politics,
TOWARDS A (NEOGRAMSCIAN) CRITICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM
Bieler, A. and Morton, A.D. (2001) ‘The Gordion Knot of Agency-Structure in International Relations: A Neo-Gramscian Perspective,’ European Journal of International Relations, 7(1): 5-35. (reading no.16)
Braudel, F. (1980) On History.
Cafruny, A. W. and Ryner, M. (2003). ‘Introduction, The Study of European Integration in the Neoliberal Era’ in A. W. Carfuny and M. Ryner (eds) A Ruined Fortress? Neoliberal Hegemony and Transformation in
Cox, R. (1996) ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory,’ in Approaches to World Order,
Gill, S. (1993) ‘Epistemelogy, Ontology, and the “
Gill, S. (2003) ‘A Neo-Gramscian Approach to European Integration,’ in A Ruined Fortress? Neoliberal Hegemony and Transformation in
POSSIBILITIES FOR A CRITICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM IN POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY
Baumann, Z. (2000), Liquid Modernity,
Foucault, M. (1997) “What is Enlightenment?” Michel Foucault, Ethics, Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, Volume 1, ed. P. Rabinow, London, New York: Penguin Books.
Kojéve, A (1967) Introduction to the
Nash, K. (2010) Contemporary Political Sociology, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Taylor, G. (2010) The New Political Sociology. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.