FACULTY OF ECONOMIC AND ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCESPOLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION


ADM 5184 - IDEAS and POLITICS

Middle East Technical University

Department of Political Science and Public Administration

ADM 5184 – IDEAS AND POLITICS

Instructor: Kürşad Ertuğrul

 

 

 

COURSE DESCRIPTION

 

This course aims to follow the philosophical and theoretical attempts that suggested a “constructivist” interpretation of, and/or an ontological status to politics. In these attempts, the problematic of the “dialectical” relationship between “structure” and “agency” have been postulated in various ways while the ideational, discursive and reflective capabilities of “the subjects” have been attributed a constitutive role regarding the construction of “reality.” The recent “constructivist turn” especially in social and political theory and international politics has reflected the impact of these perspectives in the social sciences with a growing body of works. Throughout the classes a critical engagement with “political ontology” and “constructivism” will be promoted with the objective of assessing the promises and limitations of these theories in the social and political theory.

 

COURSE REQUIREMENTS

 

Students are expected to develop a term paper to be submitted by the end of the classes. Students should also submit essays on the readings on a regular basis.  

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Gerth, H. H. and Mills, C. W. (1991) “The Sociology of Ideas and Interests,” From Max Weber, ed. H.H. Gerth and C.W. Mills, London: Routledge, pp.61-65. (reading no.1)

                                                                                                                                        

 

PHILISOPHICAL AND THERORETICAL BACKGROUND

 

Marx, K. (1988) “The German Ideology,” in Karl Marx, Selected Writings, ed. G. McLellan, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.159-191. (reading no.2)

 

Marx, K. (1988) “Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts,” in Karl Marx, Selected Writings, ed. G. McLellan, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.75-112. (reading no.3)

 

Nietzche, F. (1973) Beyond Good and Evil, London, Penguin Books, pp. 33-71. (reading no.4)

 

Deleuze, G. (1983) Nietzche and Philosophy, New York: Columbia Press, pp.1-9, pp.39-72, pp.180-185. (reading no. 5)

 

Weber, M. (1991) “Social Psychology of the World Religions,” From Max Weber, pp. 267-301. (reading no.6)

 

 

 

FROM CLASS HEGEMONY TO A POLITICAL ONTOLOGY

 

Gramsci, A. (1991) Selections from Prison Notebooks, London: Lawrence and Wishart, pp.323-377. (reading no. 7)

 

Heidegger, M. (1995) Being and Time, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 424-449. (reading no.10)

 

Laclau, E. and Mouffe, C. (1985) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy, London: Verso, pp.65-71, 75-91, 105-147. (reading no.8)

 

Laclau, E. (1990) New Reflections on the Revolution of Our Time, London:Verso.

 

Laclau, E. and Zac, L. (1994) “Minding the Gap: The Subject of Politics”, The Making of Political Identities, ed. E .Laclau, London,Verso. (reading no.9)

 

Mouffe, C. (1993)  Return of the Political, London: Verso.

 

Nash, K. (2002) “Thinking Political Sociology: Beyond the Limits of Post-Marxism,” History of the Human Sciences, 15:4, 97-114.

 

 

‘CONSTRUCTIVIST TURN’ IN THE POLITICAL STUDIES

 

Adler, E. (2005) ‘Constructivism and International Relations,’ in W. Carlsnaes, T. Risse and B.E. Simmons (eds) Handbook of International Relations. London:SAGE. (reading no.15)

 

Berger, P. L. and Luckman, T. (1967) The Social Construction of Reality. New York: Anchor Books. (reading no.16)

 

Burch, K. (2002) ‘Towards a Constructivist Comparative Politics,’ in D. M. Green (ed) Constructivism and Comparative Politics. New York: M.E. Sharpe.

 

Finnemore, M. and Sikkink, K. (2001) ‘Taking Stock: The Constructivist Research Program in International Relations and Comparative Politics,’ Annual Review of Political Science, 4: 391-416. (reading no.14)

 

Jacobsen, J. K. (2003) ‘Duelling constructivisms: a post-mortem on the ideas debate in mainstream IR/IPE,’ Review of International Studies, 29: 39-60.

 

Kratochwil, F. (2000) ‘Constructing a New Orthodoxy? Wendt’s ‘Social Theory of International Politics’ and the Constructivist Challenge,’ Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 29(1): 73-101. (reading no.22)

 

Onuf, N. (1997) ‘A Constructivist Manifesto,’ in K. Burch and R. A. Denemark (eds) Constituting International Political Economy. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers. (reading no.12)

 

Pouliot, V. (2007) “‘Sobjectivism’: Toward a Constructivist Methodology”, International Studies Quarterly, 2007. (reading no. 13)

 

Reus-Smith, C. (2005) ‘Constructivism,’ in, A. Linklater, R. Devetak, J. Donnelly, M. Paterson, C. Reus-Smith and J. True (eds) Theories of International Relations NewYork: Palgrave Macmillan.

 

Wendt, A. (1999) Social Theory of International Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (reading no.11)

 

 

TOWARDS A (NEOGRAMSCIAN) CRITICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM

 

Bieler, A. and Morton, A.D. (2001) ‘The Gordion Knot of Agency-Structure in International Relations: A Neo-Gramscian Perspective,’ European Journal of International Relations, 7(1): 5-35. (reading no.16)

 

Braudel, F. (1980) On History. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, pp. 25-55. (reading no.21)

 

Cafruny, A. W. and Ryner, M. (2003). ‘Introduction, The Study of European Integration in the Neoliberal Era’ in A. W. Carfuny and M. Ryner (eds) A Ruined Fortress? Neoliberal Hegemony and Transformation in Europe. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield. (reading no.20)

 

Cox, R. (1996) ‘Social Forces, States and World Orders: Beyond International Relations Theory,’ in Approaches to World Order, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (reading no.18)

 

Gill, S. (1993) ‘Epistemelogy, Ontology, and the “Italian School,”’ in S. Gill (ed) Gramsci, Historical Materialism and International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (reading no.17)

 

Gill, S. (2003) ‘A Neo-Gramscian Approach to European Integration,’ in A Ruined Fortress? Neoliberal Hegemony and Transformation in Europe. (reading no.19)

 

POSSIBILITIES FOR A CRITICAL CONSTRUCTIVISM IN POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY

 

Baumann, Z. (2000), Liquid Modernity, Cambridge: Polity, pp.1-52.

 

Foucault, M. (1997) “What is Enlightenment?” Michel Foucault, Ethics, Essential Works of Foucault, 1954-1984, Volume 1, ed. P. Rabinow, London, New York: Penguin Books.

 

Kojéve, A (1967) Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

Nash, K. (2010) Contemporary Political Sociology, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

 

Taylor, G. (2010) The New Political Sociology. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.